Gilan a lush Paradise in North of Iran
Gilan has a humid subtropical climate and enjoys the heaviest rainfall in Iran. This province stretches from the western flank of Alborz Mountain Range to the plains of the Caspian Sea and joins Talesh Mountain Range at the northwest. The tallest mountain peak in Gilan is Mount Samamoos with 3689 m height. The capital city of the Province is Rasht and the main port of the region is Bandar-e-Anzali (EN: Port Anzali, previously called Bandar Pahlavi).
Lagoon tulip is the famous species of the herb in Anzali lagoon. Herons, ducks, black-necked grebes, and other species have found a convenient shelter in the peaceful Anzali lagoon. The lagoon is the habitat of gulls of Ardeldae family, herons, ducks, seagulls, and similar species. 94 types of birds are being protected from extinction in Gilan, The jungles in Gilan are a suitable habitat for wildlife including leopards, deer, and mountain goats, but due to relentless hunting, they are on the verge of extinction. Gilan has been an ancient habitat of Maral or mountain bull. Flying salamander is another rare mammal living in the southern parts of Gilan.
History During prehistoric times tribesmen were living at the southern shores of the Caspian Sea. Tappeh Marlik, a prehistoric site, east of SefidRood River, retains the remains of an ancient civilization dating back to 3000 years ago. Experts believe the ancient remains in Tappeh Marlik belonged to a civilization that lived at the present Gilan at the end of the Second Millennium and buried their dead along with their possessions. 25 tombs have been discovered in this area filled with earthenware, ornamental buttons, bows and arrows, cups, gold, silver and brass tools, daggers, and bronze statues. The glass cups discovered in this area are the first example of man-made grails during history. Marlik Grail is the most famous grail made of pure gold and is 18 cm in size. The engravings on the grail show a tree of life and two winged bulls climbing the tree.
Gilan is mentioned as 'Varena' in Avesta, the sacred book of the Zoroastrians. According to Xenophon Cyrus appointed his son as commander of Median, Armenian, and Kadusi Satrapy, but Gilan remained independent until the Sassanid King Anooshirvan conquered it. Gilani and subsidiary clans were almost independent Zoroastrians and Nestorian Christian used to live in the region for many years. During the invasion of Arabs, the Deylami warriors strongly fought back and prevented them from occupying Gilan. The Alavites (Followers of Imam Ali) were almost the first Muslims who arrived in Gilan from the second century A.H. onward and were converted into 12-imami Shia faith. Even after conversion to Islam the Gilanis and Deylamis, who were now united, remained independent from foreign intruders.
The Ziyars, Buyes, and Seljuks tried to conquer Gilan, but they failed to install governors or to impose the tax. Gilan was the only Province that retained its independence during the Mongol invasion and disobeyed them even after it was conquered but centuries later Shah Esmaeel, the Safavid king, conquered the Province.
The Qajars established a central government in Iran late in the 18th century. They lost several wars with Russia (in the Russo-Persian Wars 1804-1813 and 1826-28), which ended with enormous gain and influence by the Russian Empire in the Caspian region and occupied major Gilani cities such as Rasht and Anzali. Anzali served as the main commercial port between Iran and Europe. In the late 1910s, many Gilakis gathered under Mirza Kuchak Khan Jangali (the jungle man). Kuchak Khan became the most prominent revolutionary leader in the north of Iran and sent an armed brigade to Tehran to help the government to depose Qajar king Mohammad Ali Shah. But the revolution did not progress the way the constitutionalists had wished and Iran was faced with internal unrest and foreign intervention, particularly from the Russian Empire.
Administrative Divisions Gilan Province is divided into 16 counties namely Amlash, Astaneh Ashrafiye, Astara, Bandar-e Anzali, Fuman, Lahijan, Langrood, Masal, Rasht, Rezvanshahr, Rudbar, Roodsar, Shaft, Siyahkel, Soome-e Sara, Talesh.
Gilan is mostly known for its green nature but in addition to that the Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization has listed 211 sites of historical and cultural significance in Gilan Province which makes it an attractive and rich historical and cultural destination.
|A Traditional House|
Meel Emam Tower, old Sufi houses, Emam spring and village, weekly thoroughfare, and the feudal building is interesting to inspect. Zarbijar lagoon, Khasibdasht Summer Resort, Looran Mineral Spring, and several other parks and orchards are worthy sites for travelers and tourists to visit.
This town is proud to have Agha Seyyed Mohammad Fortress, the tombs of Jamalodin Ashraf and professor Mohmmad Moeen. The Beach Park, Bandar Kiashahr Park, and Kiashahr fishing jetty are some other interesting places.
Hakim Nezami High School is a modern building constructed during the Qajar Period in Astara. Also, we must add Shanidan Fortress, Asioo Sehvan (EN: Blue Mill), Qal'e Tak, Abbas Abad Orchard, Heyran summer resort, Alirashi Hotspring, Shariati Beech, Lavandevil Waterfall, and nature protected area, Bibiyanloo wildlife jungle, Latoon /la:tu:n/Waterfall upside of Kooteh Koomeh Hotspring beside rural lodges worth to stay a night, Heyran /heirAn/Tele Cabin and Orchard, Estill lagoon called "the floating trees lagoon", Astara Zoo of Birds and Cactus Museum.
Anzali is famous for its internationally known lagoon, Sorkhankel lagoon, Sangchin, and on Beach. Anzali Port is proud of its Qods Boulevard Seaside Park, Saheli Village, Anzali Boulevard Imamzadeh Ebrahim, Bibi Hooriyeh shrines Gilar, Pardiz, Caspian bazaars, tombs of Polish soldiers, Ghaziyan Dyke, an old bridge and lighthouse, Mohammadi Building, house of musical instruments, Anzali Municipality Headquarters, Bank Melli Branch, Shamsolemareh and several public baths.
Rudkhan castle remains the historic city of Masule, Masule Roodkhan waterfall, Lar cheshme waterfall, Garbuz-khane (Gharikh-kun), Palangvar river, Zemzeme Masule spa, Khorram bu waterfalls, the sabz qaba monument, selsele jadu palace, Statues of Anahita and Shekarban.
Located 25km southwest of Fooman city, it is a military complex that had been constructed during the Seljuk Dynasty by followers of the Ismaili sect. The castle is built on two tips of amount, and its architects have benefited from natural mountainous features in the construction of the fort. After crossing a mountainous winding route with dense forests, the first thing that one notices about the castle is its big entrance gate.
Masooleh is a major tourist attraction in Gilan Province. The town is similar to Pueblo settlements. with the roof of one house being the courtyard of the next house above. Some historical buildings in Masooleh consist of museums, the Tomb of the Pir-e Jelodar, Anahita's statue, Fooman Park, Masooleh Jungle Park, Makooan Mountain, water falls and springs, and summer resorts.
Lahijan's cookies are well-known and sold all across the world. Historically, Lahijan is the first town in Iran to have tea plantations. With its mild weather, soil quality and fresh spring water, Lahijan stands to have the largest area of tea cultivation in Iran. The city is proud of its bridge, museum of tea history, the tomb of Kashfolsaltaneh (who imported tea and invented tea cultivation in Gilan), Golshan Bath, Akbariye Mosque, Amir Kalay lagoon, Lahijan Swimming Pool, Shahneshin Waterfall, and Lahijan's Green Roof, and the most famous Sheytan Kooh/SeitAn ku:h/ (EN: Mount Satan).
Pol Kheshti /pol xesti/ (EN: the Brick Bridge), Monajembashi's House (Astrologer's House which is now private property), Daryabeigi Complex, Kiakelaye lagoon, Boloordekan and Holoodasht parks, Leilakooh Resort, and several other parks have embellished Langrood. Chamkhaleh beach, 10 km from Langrood, is a well known beach resort.
Masal's countryside, Olsabolangah, and Shanderman offers the most relaxing wooden cottages above the clouds with a landscape of green mountains, virgin forests and horses in the fog. The forest region of Taskuh, Sorkum, Shalma, Chesli, the mountainside areas, khoshke darya, the monument of Shalma, mirmahalle of Masal.
Sefid Masjed (the White Mosque) built a thousand years ago, Pootel Bridge and weekend thoroughfares.
Rudbar is also called “Rudbar Zeitoun (olive)" for the olive gardens in the area. Rudbar's local economy notably includes olives and olive-based products known for all the tourists passing there through the road from Rasht to Tehran. Groves of olive trees surround the city. Olive oil is produced locally. In Rudbar you can also visit Tappeh Marlik which has been described before in detail, Lavashan Bridge, Gerkool, Kelshi hills (First Millennium BC), ancient Anbook Village, Dareh Darband Orchard, Kolooroz Tappeh, SiahRood Bridge, Taher Mirza, Dorfak and Dorahan castles, Jamshid Abad, Shahran, Halimejan, Chamish, Nili Jani and other ancient monuments.
Dorfak Volcanic Mountain with its lovely virgin jungle skirt, Soosan Cheragh Village, Manjil Dam and its beautiful landscape, SiahRood Swamp, Sad-e Tarik Lake, Damash Mineral Spring, Looyeh, SangRood, Kalshotor and Mastkhor springs and Gandlat June Park have added much to the beauty of Rudbar. Harzevil tree, 1000-2000 years old, registered as a national heritage, has a beautiful site to visit just 5 kilometers out of Manjil on the main road from Rasht to Tehran.
In Roodsar you can visit Javaherdasht summer resort, Timjan Safavid Brick Bridge (60 m long and 5 m high), the beautiful beach, Sajiran Mineral Spring and Cave, Reza Shah's private palace, Kelachay Building Complex, Varjargah, Zaghootsar and LeleRood, the Tomb of Seyyed Jafar Abyaz Mindahe, Roodsar Coastal Complex, Sajiran Cave, Bandben Castle, Savalat Jungle and Siayhkal-Rood River. Qal'e Kuti historical Castle, Gravamar and Deylami baths and Gilarkesh stone shelter are also lovely places to see at Roodsar. -Gileboom is an Eco-lodge in which you will have the opportunity of experiencing an unforgettable journey to the beautiful Gilan. Besides to your stay at Gileboom they offer you mountaineering as well as local food and lodging.
|Roud Khan Castle Fouman - Gilan|
Nazam Recreational Village, Salek Moalem Village and Siah Narges Region are the beauties of Shaft. The town is embellished by Dodoozan Waterfall, Khooram touring village, Chenar Roodkhan Recreational Zone, the Tomb of Shahzadeh Ebrahim Choobar Park and Imamzadeh Eshaq Pilgrimage Resort.
The stunning places of Deilaman and Espili, Larikhani spa, Lunak waterfall, Titi caravansary, historic regions of Hassani Mahalle and Kutal Shah Castle in Koldomsera village, watchtower of Garmavar village, ancient hamam of Deilaman.
-Some'e Sara /sowme'eh særa/
Kasgar Minaret, 29m high, at the center of the town and 35 km west of Rasht is a glorious monument of Seljuk Period. Gaskar Minaret, Seyyed Aqa Seyyed Zaki Tomb and Seyyed Javad Musavi and Sabz Ghaba tombs are the monuments of this town. Meanwhile Khoonabkesh Cave, Toolamshahr Coastal Park, Sorkhabel wildlife jungle and Salkeh lagoon are the natural attractions of Soome'e Sara.
Isamili Salsal Castle, Aa Ular Bath. Yeylaq Tool Monument, Sineh Hooni Village, Nassrolian Khan Summer Palace, Abbasiyeh Mosque, Soobatan summer resort (and its famous couple of day walkway to Neour Lake in Ardabil Province), the mountainous whirling road between Asalem and Khalkhal which is one the most famous roads in Iran, Gisoom Jungle Park, Lissar Beech Park, and other recreational resorts can bee seen in Talesh.
Rasht, the capital city of Gilan, has a moderate and humid climate. After the Arab Conquest, the word "Rasht' was mentioned for the first time in 680 AD. Hamdollah Mostofi has referred to Rasht in his chronicles but it is certainly older than this. It has seen the Sassanid era, the armies of Peter the Great and later Russian rulers, and British colonialism. The people of Rasht also played a major role in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran (1905–1907).
Rasht is known for its famous building of municipality located in a square called the Square of Municipality which was constructed circa 1900 but being renovated each year. In Rasht you can visit Sabze Meidan (including a public library and statues of famous figures in Gilan), Rasht Museum which retains items from First and Second Millennium until Islamic conquest, and the museum of anthropology and historical records, The Tomb of Mirza Kuchak Khan, Abrishami House, Qanbari House, City Park or Mohtasham Orchard, Safi and Siah Estalkh mosques, Rasht Traditional, bazaar, Lat Caravansary, Armenian church, Golsar area (known as the most modern plaza in Rasht), People's Orchard, Kolah Farangi Building (a mixture of European and traditional Iranian architecture).
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