Sardar é Bagh Melli or The Gate of National Garden
One of the old and famous streets of Tehran is Imam Khomeini Street (Sepah). This street is a bed of old and beautiful buildings, which has left us from the past. One of the most beautiful historical monuments in the bustle of the street is shining like candlelight and it is National Garden façade that its magnificence and beauty bring the eye of every passer-by. National Garden façade and Shooting field are two of those old and historic monuments that are located on street, there are many tourists visiting the old town every day to see this collection, and Every day, many tourists come to see the collection in the old part of the city.
As you cross the National Garden façade and enter the courtyard of the Shooting field, there is no longer Imam Khomeini's throat and its traffic. It is as if you walked in another land Silence, tranquility, greatness, and beauty conquer you. Shooting field is the name of a place on Tehran's Imam Khomeini Street Which was made during the time of Fath Ali Shah Qajar as a military zone and for their combat training and the central barracks were in the middle of it. In fact, the origin of the name of this place had roots in the French march, which became the Mashgh in Persian. Tourists describe this place as a quadrangle with sides close to 400 meters and they have mentioned it as one of the largest military squad of Tehran. This field was restored and developed during the period of Nasir al-Din Shah.
In 1278, Mohammad Hussein Khan Sepahsalar formulated it as a square field and built a wall with brick roofs around it. A Beautiful gate with two arches adjacent to it was installed on the north side of the street and Sepah Square (current Imam Khomeini) that Sometimes Nasser-al-Din Shah, from above, watched the military. The field was limited to these places in different directions: From the north to the third of Esfand street(Colonel Sakha'i), to the east to Alaoddoleh (Ferdowsi), to the west to Qavam al-Saltanah (southwest), and to the south to Baghshah or Sepah (Imam Khomeini). After the coup d'etat of March of 1299, military troops continued training outside, and the shooting field remained intact. With the implementation of the plan for the establishment of the first public gardens (parks) in Tehran on the fields of the shooting Square, the name of the square changed to the National Garden; but the buildings were gradually found and found with new uses.
The existing structures within this area have remained since the last and they include these buildings: The Post Office (including the Museum of the Ministry of Post and Telegraph and Modern Telephone), the city's general police officer (the current police force), that the State Department is located here, the National Museum of Iran (including the Museum of Ancient Iran), the National Museum and National Library, Country Property Documents and Construction of the First National Oil Company (Current State Building No.3). The National Garden was also located between the building of the Post Office (Museum of the Ministry of Communications) and the former building of the National Oil Company (Building No. 3 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs), which entering the United Nations Street from Sepah Street (Imam Khomeini Street) was through it.
Today, the administration of the Cultural Heritage of Tehran province, with the participation of the municipality of District 12, intends to liberate and restore the gates and paving of this site to rebuild it in its original form. The buildings of this square, like most of their buildings, followed a special style. This style of architecture in Iran, which is a mixture of various historical Iranian and European styles, has been used in every way in every building. The oldest building in this complex is the Kazagh Khane, which dates back to the year 1280 AH and at the time of Nasir al-Din Shah and the latest one is the National Library and Museum of Malek, which is based on traditional Iranian architecture. In each building of this square, a special style has been implemented. In the building of the Museum of Ancient Iran, with a pattern from the vault of Kasra and Ivan-e Madayen Sassanid architecture style is used. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs building is in the Achaemenid style. The building of documents and real estate is done with a mixture of Achaemenid, Sassanid, Islamic, and European architecture, which is clearly recognizable. The use of ancient architectural styles with modern structures and functions is one of the most prominent features of that period. The street and the middle pivot of the square, called the United Nations, is one of the largest sidewalks in Iran.
Bike and motorcycling shows were held for the first time in this place. In addition, the first flight of balloons and the first aircraft landing during the First World War were done in this field. Shooting Square was also the place where Mirza Reza Aghdaei, known as Mirza Reza Kermani, Nasser al-Din Shah's murderer in 1314 AH. was hanged. Sheikh Fazlallah Nuri was also hanged in the same square.
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