Ali GholiAgha Hamam or Bath
One of the old bathhouses in Isfahan that was used up until a few years ago is Hammam-e Ali Gholi Agha (Ali Goli Agha Bathhouse). which was built around 310 years ago in the late Safavid era by a person of the same name(Ali Gholi Agha). Ali Gholi Agha was from courtiers and princes of Shah Suleiman and Shah Sultan Hussein courts in the 17th-century and he was the founder of a complex including a bazaar, mosque, and a bathhouse.
This bathhouse is located in a centuries-old quartier with the same name, between Masjed Seyed St., Jami St., and Charbagh Pa'in(lower Charbagh) Ave. The building of the bathhouse with an area near to 1200 square meters composed of two parts, private and public. Private and public sections consisted of octagonal and square shapes Bineh (cloak room), Garmkhaneh sections which were the pleasantly warm bathing place), Khalvat private and not crowded place) and Chal-Hoz (water pool), which is the most significant element of bathhouse space.
Significant and architectural features of the bathhouse are its attractive decoration added during Safavid, Qajar, and Pahlavi period, and now they are part of this bathhouse. Its renovation finished in late 2003, and in late March 2005 opened to visitors as an ethnological museum Paintings and stucco on arches and wall of the bathhouse and their prominent display in a way to attract visitors, and appropriate separation of spaces in such a way to prevent heat-loss indicates the talent and intelligibility of this bathhouse builders. splitting the heat into different parts and combinations of different spaces of the bathhouse include. ing Sarbineh (cloakroom), Chal-Hoz(water pool), and Garmkhaneh show that there was a plan from entry to exit of the people, in such a way that different spaces serve not only for hygienic purposes, but there would be an atmosphere for people to talk and even pass fun hours and swim. For example, there are ponds filled with cold water and used for swimming in Sarbineh space, and in Chal-hoz space there is a rectangular pool filled with cold water and used for swimming. On the arches and walls of the bathhouse, there are paintings dating back to the Safavid Era, some of which were carved in the Pahlavi period and replaced by simple and plain oil paintings by an unknown painter. But the elegant tile works and mosaic Faience attract any visitor's attention Tiles color schemes in the entry and cloakroom are skilfully and masterly done.
There is a painting by the big water pool which is attributed to the founder of the bathhouse, Ali Gholi Khan One of the interesting architectural facts of this bathhouse is its lighting system Light supplies from small openings installed on the dome ceiling of the bathhouse. There are convex and lens-shaped glasses in the small openings. Convex features of the glasses not only prevent heat loss but also refract and scatter the light. In fact, engineers and architectures of the boiling used the property of an opposite magnifier in order to easily lighting the interior space of the bathhouse. Another interesting fact about these glasses is that they just passing the light from one side, therefore, nobody can see the interior space of the bath from the ceiling The bathroom was opened to the public, and from dawn to midday was the men's time, and from midday to dust, it was women's tum to use the bathhouse. Of course, in some periods, like the Qajar period, wealthy and influential people rented the bath hourly, and up until they were in the bathhouse no ordinary people was allowed to enter.
The bathwater reservoir was headed by burning woods and coals, and even the produced fumes were entered through pipes installed under the bathroom floor to sterilize and supply head for other parts of the bathhouse. Thus, the minimum amount of energy was used in the best way. Someplace in the bathhouse, there are white stones in the size of one meter with ribbed surface and gentle ridges. Do not surprise, these stones were used for massaging. These stones are, like a seat backrest installed perpendicular to the ponds and water flows from a hole designed in the upper part of the stone in the ribbed surface and plays the role of a masseur. Water started flowing due to the level difference among reservoirs, ponds, and fountains; for such a purpose the water pipes were installed in a slope way. While visiting the bathhouse, what attracts your attention the most is fountains and water streams exist mostly in every part of the bathhouse. These fountains and water streams eco the pleasant and relaxing sound of water in the indoor space of the bath.
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