The Origins of Norouz
Among all societies, there are seasonal, ancient, and methodological rites, religious rituals, national and patriotic feast, family occasion, and so on. The first group of festivities, namely ancient and methodological ones, are inherited from the ancient times and surrounded by fables and myths. The passage of time, even though leaving its mark on many of the details, has hardly altered their essence or destroyed their content. Norouz falls in this group of ancient feasts and is celebrated as one of such festivities in ten countries which include Iran, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Uzbekistan.
To know the origin of Nowruz, it may be stated that the invention of the Solar Calendar was a major step forward in the process of understanding time and having foreknowledge of the intervals between springs, summer, autumn, and winter. Norouz is the name given to the first day of the first month of Solar Calendar, Farvardin, which coincides with March 21st, the beginning of the spring and the other at the outset of autumn were the two significant origins for the greatest feast, Norouz.
Norouz was in fact honored as the symbol of fire and was celebrated as the seventh great feast of the year and it was known as the New Day. The reason is that Norouz is the symbol of hope and the day which brought with it happiness to a man who was tired of and challenged by the "mixed universe" and gave him new courage and capability. The ancient ceremony of Norouz is beyond the call of refreshing the memory of a long-standing civilization. In fact, it is a tie between the past, present, and future. It is said that ancient feasts are directly rooted in culture, history, geography, and religious and moral fabric of society. According to the ancient tales and narratives, creation, the fall of Adam, and the prophetic mission of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) have all taken place at Norouz. Also, the ancient people believed that along with the renaissance in nature, the souls of the dead return to the material world and spend a couple of days among their relatives. All the factors aforementioned have caused Norouz to be a long-standing and enduring ceremony in the course of time in southwestern Asia and it is thus celebrated joyously to express gratitude for all the blessings God has granted. These nations celebrate the arrival of the New Year in the form of colorful ceremonies resting upon their own religious, cultural, and historical backgrounds.
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