Chahar Shanbe Soori
Among Iranians, the fire has a highly special value and position and most of the Iranian celebrations and rituals are closely bind fire. Among Aryans' festivals of fire, Sadeh Festival and Charshanbeh Suri are very popular. "Charshanbeh Suri is celebrated on the eve of the last Wednesday of the Persian solar year. Is celebrated with special rituals and ceremonies, and it is one of the glorious festivals full of cultural rituals.
Evidence indicates that during the 18th century this festival was forgotten and in the 6th century it became common again, but with other titles and names. In some ancient texts, Charshanbe Suri was named "Old Habits". In contrast with some believes, jumping over the fire is not disrespecting fire, but this action is a symbol of clearing and burning all evils, misfortunes, and impurities, all of the popular songs and hymns of Charshanbe Suri point this out. Based on religious beliefs, making fire at the eve of New Year guides Farvaharsto to find their new homes.
Farvahar Is The goddess of Ahuramazda (God of Zoroastrianism and the divine spirit of decedents and it is pure and away from any sin and evil dead. Firing at top of houses or any heights, house cleaning before Charchanbe Suri, buying new mirror and jugs, buying paganism hermla, illuminating the home, preparing and eating nuts, breaking jugs, eavesdropping jug horoscope, pouring lye water and bowl water brought from tannery around the house go to nature on Charshanbeh Suri, breaking egg-throwing shawls dawn, make single girls fortunate by putting a lock on their chadors, the sting on potter's wheel, breaking walnuts, trick or treat, saying wishes to streaming water, yelling out the wishes in old wells, ask for help from "Charshanbeh Khatun", painting the house with blue and yellow flowers and prepare akindofAsh particular to Charshanbeh Suri are ceremonies of this festival.
Trick And treat are held in all Persian lands in such a way that people or children crush bowls and spoon together and hide behind the door, and the landlord puts eggs or nuts in their bowls. In this ceremony, both boys and girls hide under a Chador that no one would recognize them. One of the remarkable ceremonies at the eve of Chaharshanbe Suri Is handing out nuts. These nuts consist of seven different nuts: pistachios, almonds, Elaeagnus Angustifolia (Persian olive), raisins, walnuts, figs, and dates. Sometimes pieces of candies and coconut are added to the mixture of these nuts. All family members eat these mixtures of nuts for their fortune and wellness. This festival is also bound to water in some regions jumping over water streams or bringing water jugs from springs by young girls and then breaking jugs is common. On one hand in all Iranian festivals and celebrations, water and fire are next to each other on the other hand since Charshanbeh Soori Is bound to the cleanness of the end of the year, the presence of water has practical aspects. Breaking Jugs full of water is the symbol of the rainiest and fertile year and also has hygienic usages. We all know that the ceramic water jugs are different from other jugs: potters were made water jugs porous which allows a little bit of water outside and by evaporation of it made the jug and the water inside very cool. During the year, these very small holes become full of particles that threaten people's health; therefore, they break the jugs and use new ones.
During Sassanidera(652-224) instead of water, people put coins inside the jugs and throw them down from the rooftop to the ground so richness and abundance came down to them from the skies. Bring water by young girls not restricted to Charshanbeh Soori Festival Generally people believe that the origin of springs and fountains is the goddess Anahid, Goddess of Water, and just girls are allowed to go near. This belief is still common in many villages of Iran. In many villages of Markazi province, boys who have a fiancée, send their shawls down from the rooftop of their fiancée, and the fiancée put sweetie and seeds in it. This ceremony is called "Shawl Andazi", or throwing don the Shawls. Permanent women in Kermanshah city by bringing woods for the fire of Charshanbeh Suri believe that every piece of wood they put in the fire takes evils and misfortunes away from their child. In Tehran, women prepare Ash with the beans they gathered in trick or treat ceremony. This Ashis called "Aboard", they believe that it is the treatment to all diseases. In addition, on this night girls were put a knot on the corner of their chador or scarf and asked the very first person they saw to loosen this lenotin in order to have a fortunate year ahead. The painting of Chaharshanbe Suriin Chehel Sotoun Palace of Isfahan represents the importance of this festival and the efforts of Shah Abbas for celebrating Nowruz and festivals related to Nowruz.
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