Rey & Qom two important religious city close Tehran
Rey, also known as Shahr-e Rey (EN: City of Rey) with the ancient name Raga is a major historical area in Iran, especially in Tehran province. Astaneh Abdolazim Shrine is composed of a lofty portal and several porticoes, courtyards, a golden dome, two tiled minarets and porches, a shrine and a mosque. The oldest object in the Astaneh is a very precious box made of areca wood in the year 1325 AD.
Rey & Qom two important religious city close Tehran
Rey Rey, also known as Shahr-e Rey (EN: City of Rey) with the ancient name Raga is a major historical area in Iran, especially in Tehran province. Astaneh Abdolazim Shrine is composed of a lofty portal and several porticoes, courtyards, a golden dome, two tiled minarets and porches, a shrine and a mosque.
The oldest object in the Astaneh is a very precious box made of area wood in the year 1325 AD. The two ancient doors of the shrine, fabricated during the Seljuk Period, are being preserved in the Shrine's museum. The shrine has been decorated finely by mirrors and gilded paintings during the Safavid and Qajar periods.
Toqrol Tower is a cylindrical tower with 24 notches made of unbaked and baked bricks 20m high and 48m2 diameter. The tower is 700 years old and the 24 notches mean that it was a giant sun clock. Another use of the Tower was to kindle fire on its high battlements at night to guide travelers coming from Khorasan.
Tappeh Mil or Atashkadeh Rey (EN: The Fire Temple of Rey) is a huge Fire Temple with four columns (all survived) and four arches (two survived), an enormous historical site, a narrow deep tunnel underground and green plains around. It has been one of the most important fire temples before Islam.
Bibi Shahrbanu is the holy shrine for Imam Hossein's Iranian wife and the place itself has been an Anahita Temple before Islam.
Cheshmeh Ali spring is a known resort in Rey, with a park, a spring, a Qajar engravement and remains of Rey old wall. The place dates back to ages before Islam.
Qom Holy City
Qom is considered mostly as a religious destination for the Iranian people. The holy shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh is the most iconic place in Qom, but Jamkaran Mosque (related to Imam Mahdi AS) and Feiziyeh Seminary, the most famous Shia seminary, emphasize the religious role of the city. The city has several non-religious Tourist Attractions too as well. There are more than 200 sites registered in the national list of cultural heritage in Qom.
The holy shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh
The holy shrine (Astaneh) of Hazrat Masoumeh, the sister of Imam Reza (A.S.) was constructed during the 8th century AD. According to historical records, the Mausoleum was renovated by the Seljuks during the 19th century and with the start of Safavid Dynasty at the beginning of 16th century the city was further expanded and new buildings were added to it. Fathali Shah, the Qajar king, added new porticoes and chambers to the shrine. The Mausoleum covers an area of 13527 m2. There is also a museum in the complex.
Jamkaran Mosque which is believed to be frequented by Imam Mahdi (A.S.) is located 6 km away from Qom near Jamkaran village and is an important pilgrimage site.
Feiziye is the most famous Shia seminary in the country. The seminary was built during the 13th century A.H. over the ruins of Se-astaneh Seminary which existed until 12th century A.H. It is composed of four double story porticoes. 40 cells have been constructed on the ground floor and 40 cells on the second floor. The southern portico which was built in 1533 AD and decorated with pretty inlaid tiles is the oldest part of the Feiziye Seminary.
Tombs of Green
Domed Garden This is a mausoleum which was built during the 14th century AD. The most remarkable tombs lying there are those of the family of Ali Safi who were autonomous governors Qom during that period. Ma'soom Shrine Ma'soom Shrine or Zinat Khatoon Shrine belongs to the descendant of Imam Musa Kazem. The shrine is located on a mountain northwest of Kahak township and is a Safavid monument.
Qom Jame (congregation) Mosque
After Atiq and Imam Hassan Askari mosques the Jame (congregation) Mosque is the oldest mosque in Qom. The dome was built in 1135 and the lofty southern portico and the plastered decoration of the ceiling were done during the Safavid Period. The northern portico and eastern and western Shabestans have been constructed by the Qajars.
Jahangir Khan's Mosque This mosque was constructed during the Safavid Period and repaired during the time of Naser al-Din Shah and is known as Nasseri Mosque too.
Razaviyeh Seminary was built in 1683 AD and is the oldest religious school in Qom. It is said that during his journey from Medina to Marv Imam Reza passed through Qom and stopped at this spot to rest.
Oom Bazaar is composed of two sections both of which are traditionally roofed to avoid heat in the summer and cold in the winter. A large part of the ancient bazaar was built during the Safavid Period near Jame Mosque. During the reign of Naser al-Din Shah the bazaar was enlarged, the 'New Bazaar was constructed and more cells were added during the Pahlavi Period. But 50 years ago with the expansion and construction of new buildings part of the bazaar was destroyed. Presently the bazaar is divided into old and new sections, each section has one km long.
Timche-ye Bozorg or the big mall in Qom, located north of the New Bazaar, is a unique piece of Islamic architecture. Construction of the building began in 1884 and consists of three domes and two half domes. The Timcheh has two doors opening into the bazaar and houses 20 cells on the upper floor and 12 booths at the bottom. Veshnaveh Cave Located 60 km from Oom Veshnaveh Cave contains a huge amount of water which gushes in the form of spring and is a popular tourist site in Qom Province.
Kahak Cave, located 30 south of Qom, is an ancient man cave. Two narrow doors, the size of a man, serves as entrance to the Cave which is 8 m high and is adorned by very pretty icicles.
Mohammadabad Stone Caravansary
Located 50 km northeast of Qom, Mohammadabad Caravansary possesses four verandas, giant stone parapet, and eight watchtowers. The building covers an area of 12610 m2. It was built during the 11th century AD and is the biggest inn in Qom Province. This caravansary has much importance because it is the biggest one made only by stones and it is as old as the Seljuks, I.e 1000 years old. It has big roofed ways and rooms.
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